Republic of Austria
President: Heinz Fischer (2004)
Chancellor: Werner Faymann (2008)
Land area: 31,942 sq mi (82,730 sq km);
total area: 32,382 sq mi (83,870 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 8,223,062 (growth rate: 0.01%); birth rate 8.76/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.16/1000; life expectancy: 80.17
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Vienna, 1.72 million
Other large cities: Graz, 219,500; Linz, 185,300; Salzburg, 145,500; Innsbruck, 115,600
Monetary units: Euro (formerly schilling)
National name: Republik Österreich
Languages: German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 census)
Ethnicity/race: Austrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, German 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4% (2001)
Religions: Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%, none 12% (2001 census)
National Holiday: National Day, October 26
Literacy rate: 98%
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $361 billion; per capita $42,600. Real growth rate: 0.4%. Inflation: 2.1%. Unemployment: 4.9%. Arable land: 16.25%.
Agriculture: grains, potatoes, sugar beets, wine, fruit; dairy products, cattle, pigs, poultry; lumber.
Labor force: 3.737 million (2013 est.); agriculture and forestry 5.5%, industry and crafts 26%, services 68.5%.
Industries: construction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, metals, chemicals, lumber and wood processing, paper and paperboard, communications equipment, tourism.
Natural resources: oil, coal, lignite, timber, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, magnesite, tungsten, graphite, salt, hydropower.
Exports: $165.6 billion (2013 est.): machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, paper and paperboard, metal goods, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles, foodstuffs. Imports: $167.9 billion (2013 est.): machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, metal goods, oil and oil products; foodstuffs. Major trading partners: Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Netherlands, U.S., France (2013).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 3.342 million (2012); mobile cellular: 13.59 million (2012).
Broadcast media: Austria's public broadcaster, Osterreichischer Rundfunk (ORF), was the main broadcast source until commercial radio and TV service was introduced in the 1990s; cable and satellite TV are available, including German TV stations (2008).
Internet hosts: 3.512 million (2012). Internet users: 6.143 million (2011).
Transportation: Railways: total: 6,399 km (3,552 km electrified) (2011).
Highways: 124,508 km; (including 1,719 km of expressways) (2012). Waterways: 358 km (2011). Ports and harbors: Enns, Krems, Linz, Vienna. Airports: 52 (2013).
International disputes: none.